T&P 2A- Outcome 2- Investigating Light technology and Portable Shooting Processes- Page 64-75 (01)

In today’s session……

I was able to explore the different technical aspects that surround with the notion of Flashguns and their use in the field. An essential element that has been evaluated was the aperture effect that the flash contains. Working with whole numbers f8,f11 I was able to acknowledge and understand the concept that stands with flash. The shutter speed/ synchronization speed has been another issue that we tackled. In this regard we looked through the concept of ambient light and how one can get a dragging speed to either  bright or dull results.

Another important value that was evaluated was that of the guide number. A guide number has its own power unit. Example the Canon 43 Flash divided with the distance of the object ex. 10 will give out a f4.3. Light meter and the concept of incident and reflected measuring has been resurfaced once more. All this has moved into the notion of flashguns were we tested out the Transmitter and Receiver and the connection found in between.

Equipment:

Phottix Triggers, Canon 43 Flashgun, Flash bracket, Stand and West Coat 32 Umbrella, we tried to move on the concept of taking the studio to a portable environment. Looking into ways how this technology will help us achieve an interesting result.

Location set up:

010308

Shoots and Experimentation with Trigger and Flash technology.

Outcome

10130911

16

17

In the following examples I tried to capture flash light triggered within the room. Although the technical aspect was not directly connected to the one focused. I wanted to experiment with light and flash trace. Such results have traces of flash which I found interesting to share.05060702

Outcome

Through triggers overheating and different light changes that occurred, such technical workshop has enabled me to further understand the elements introduced. Such technical practice is a highly essential tool upon which i have to develop and work on.

More Technical Research and Hands on examples will be uploaded soon.

T&P 2A- Outcome 2- Science of Light – Page 41-49

Light is a crucial element that enable us to produce photos. It is thus a source that is crucial for a photographer to analyse and acknowledge its principals and functionality.

Digital Cameras found into today’s era function with a different light sensibility from the film cameras that were utilized extensively before. Digital SLR cameras have a sensitive CCD sensor or CMOS sensor. Through this sensor light is detected and images are thus produced.

Auto White Balance has the ability to decide the Colour cast of the particular scene of shoot. In each and every digital camera a colour cast is pre set from the factory.  The famous Kelvin has acknowledge and studied into depth the notion of Light source and the temperature that comes within such an element. He was able to acknowledge that the light in the morning vs that of the sunset had different tonal quality with variable heat capacity.

DEGREE KELVIN SCALE of daylight is thus 5,200 degree/K.

Thus the whitest part of an image is a significant and important part for a photographer to measure. This is because white has no colour cast as it is the clearest point.

Colour Casting is a significant part for one to analyse as it provide a constructive elemental feature in the work that one will be able to produce. Van Gogh’s work is a good example for one to evaluate. His work justifies and brings into life how deeply significant is the acknowledgement and study of colour range temperature.  The accurate and closer one is able to bring out from the colour temperature the real and more refined the result will be.


01

Blonde 2000K
HMI

HMI 650K

In this Workshop we have investigated and brought into light 3 different light sources. The initial work has been processed through an incandescent; fire burning light that heats up quickly. Such a light has a degree of resistance that produces an orange colour cast.

– Blonde, 2,000K- 3,000 Degree/Kelvin

-Red Head ( younger sister of the blonde hehe) 650 W

Through a Blue filter placed in front of such light sources one is able to produce a Daylight like temperature of 5,200 Degree/Kelvin.

The second Light sources that we investigated was that of the cool HMI- Discharge light source. Such a light source has principles that allow it not to get hot and remains stable all the time. Such a light source is good for producing Stop Animation with, as it provides same light intensity. A filter or a soft box is needed to produce a daylight effect or a cloudy effect light. NB when the bulb is warming up the colour is that of deep Blue as this intensifies it changes into a purer hue.

The final light source that we were able to analysis was that of the LED light source. Such a technology is one that will eventually overtake in the near future. Such a light has a wide range of light which produces soft shadows. Such a light source is extensively employed in a film based quality of light.

Testing Different Light Sources:

Light Source HMI with Soft Box on

AWB 02

AWB- Auto White Balance

Cloudy 02

Cloudy (6000K)

Custom 02 - Without the White Balance set up

Custom Done without White Sheet TESTDAYlight 02                                                            DAYLIGHT (5200K)Flash 02                                                            FlashShade 02                                                            Shade (7000K)Tungsten light 02                                                           Tungsten Light (3200 K)White fluorescent light 02

White Fluorescent (4000 K)

LED light Test 

AWB 01

AWB

Cloudy 01                                                           Cloudy (6000K)

Daylight 01

Daylight (5200 K)

Shade 01

Flash

Flash 01                                                           Shade

Tungsten Light 01

Tungsten Light (3200 K)

White fluorescent light 01                                                            White Fluorescent (4000K)

Custom White Balance Set up done with an HMI light source. 

03

White Paper Test Setup. Ideally The whole view finder is the full paper area. Make sure that the photo produce is that of white. Through menu setup one can configure the colour cast, and the below result was attained. Whilst doing this we had some initial problems bringing out a clear white photo. Through the employment of Blue, Green and Red we tried to balance out the scene and the problem was solved. 04 05

Working with Raw File and Bridge Processing

After taking a good number of photos in RAW format one should evaluate white balance colour cast that is subjective to the light condition that one puts his frame in. Through the conversion of raw file one is able to see the different colour temperature via the histogram either done through Photoshop or Capture One process.

As you can see below I have tested different colour temperature valued through the conditions presented in the following examples.

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12

Through this technique one is able to find and understand the the pre sets found within a camera and it auto white balance. Things and details can still adjusted within a raw file. The most significant adjustment that one can do through a raw file histogram is to target colour mainly those of R G B. This is a scientific way of how one should acknowledge colour in a camera and qualities it has within.

Within such a histogram one is able to vary colour values, shadows, highlights, exposure, contrast, tint etc. Any colour image is produced through the variant of R G B thus the main foundation of a formulation is within these hues.  It is thus the complimentary colours of the RGB that one can get when trying to attain a pure white balance understanding of an image.

BLUE – YELLOW

GREEN- MAGENTA/PINK

RED- CYAN 

This is a significant part of the functionality of a histogram. One should always be aware of what is happening within these hues.

R G B – when one attains the same number – thus the image has an overall of same white – thus mutualizing the same layers.

One should always keep in mind that over doing it during edited stages, might not be an ideal way of crafting one’s skill. When light condition etc are in raw wrongly attained one should always rework and re shoot for a better understanding.  All this will allow you to further acknowledge the analytical process and avoiding overdoing through digital means.

Outcome:

Through such a workshop I could further understanding the significance of colour temperature and the light surroundings that one takes for granted at times. In such a concept has allowed to understand the functional and broad investigation of different light casting. Each and every elemental principal of light should be increasingly investigated, as it will justify and profoundly effect the final photographic results of one’s perception.

Further Reading and Research:

1

https://fstoppers.com/post-production/learn-shoot-proper-white-balance-using-kelvin-temps-3328

2

http://digital-photography-school.com/creating-moods-with-the-kelvin-scale/

3

http://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/cuu/Info/Units/kelvin.html

T&P 2A- Outcome 2- Investigating Light technology and Portable Shooting Processes- Page 64-75 (02)

The photographic Kit that we explored today was that of Calumet Photographic supplies.

Equipment used:

1 Genesis AS250 Mono light

https://www.calphoto.co.uk/product/genesis-as250-monolight/CF0519/?tracking=|searchterm:genesis

2 Umbrella

https://www.calphoto.co.uk/product/calumet-genesis-translucent-umbrella-40-in./CF0188/?tracking=|searchterm:genesis

3 Battery supply

https://www.calphoto.co.uk/product/calumet-genesis-battery-for-power-port-duo-1000-portable-battery-pack/CF0203/?tracking=|searchterm:genesis

4 Power port Cables and Triggers 

http://www.calphoto.co.uk/INTERSHOP/web/WFS/Calumet-UK-Site/en_GB/-/GBP/ViewParametricSearch-ProductPaging?PageNumber=0&PageSize=30&SortingAttribute=&SortingAttribute=&SearchTerm=genesis&SearchParameter=%26%40QueryTerm%3Dgenesis%26OnlineFlag%3D1

5 Light meter 

Setting up:

05 03 04 02

Tests:

Aim trying to bring out a Rembrandt Lightning on the compositions explored.

01 09 10 08

Class Outcome:

Setting up and trying to assemble a way of lightning up has enabled me to understand further the concept between different angles and positions. This workshop enabled me to challenge and interact within a team and ordinate the concept in more clear ways.

Further Reading:

1 http://digital-photography-school.com/6-portrait-lighting-patterns-every-photographer-should-know/

2 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wRbcGU2snGwC&pg=PA65&dq=rembrandt+light+pattern&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rCRJVNrbM66v7Aa0uYCwAw&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=rembrandt%20light%20pattern&f=false

3 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=UmFL_tTd2BcC&pg=PA12&dq=rembrandt+light+pattern&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rCRJVNrbM66v7Aa0uYCwAw&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=rembrandt%20light%20pattern&f=false

T&P 2A- Outcome 2 Part 2 – Music and Light Development 1 & 2- Page 61-76

Test 2 :

In this test I wanted to connect works of Grappelli into one whole piece and show the continuation and flow that is found within such a work. The results that I have obtained brought out something that I would like to further justify and explore. The technical ability and light source mastering has showed me the direction upon which I would like my work to delve into.

These are the initial dialogues that I started to relate to when working with Grapelli’s Album – Django Reinhardt- Full Album.

I started to extract different points of these musical passages and followed this structure. Each photo has been initiated as according to the album structure.

Here I will show the distribution of sets that I was able to come up with as part of my development in this genre of music.

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IMG_4134

IMG_4130 IMG_4124 IMG_4122

IMG_4127 IMG_4128
IMG_4132 IMG_4133 IMG_4140 IMG_4142

2nd experimentation and development of my work.

S. Grappelli –  Djangology

This initial part of Grappelli’s work I have expressed the blossom like effect that in this soundtrack he brings out. The bold yet clear touch of string markings stand as a significant point to capture. The distinctive note like dots that follow each other shed an important aspect that I find is part of his work and mastery. The element of vibrato and tonal Jazz quality that he is able to create and formulate whilst playing render the sound into something that of sheer inspirational. The connection that I find within such a distinctive and structural yet profoundly abstract music evolves my self , into something that through these results I can justify it.

The work of Grapelli and his tonal qualities stand as an Analogy of life. Even though one might listen to this music over and over again, the ability and different thought processes that this music evokes resolves and brings into mind the deep intertwined abstraction that such a music retains in the anima of its essence. Life similar to this music is built up of multitudes of abstract levels that can never be perceived yet it has to be lived and resolved within harmonies that formulate our future.

17                                                                                                             14            18  13 12

Further investigation will proceed from this direction of work and attribute. Light, Dark and Music are key factors that enable these compositions to become alive.

T&P 2A- Outcome 2 Part 2 – Music and Light Development 1 & 2- Page 52-60

In these works I evaluated different key musical genres and translated my inspirations through it.

Location: Dark Room and Artificial Torch Light

1.05

Indila – Dernière Danse

The initial music that I explored was that of Derniere Danse. This kind of music is one that is inspired me to formulate a woman like presentation. Whilst doing such a work I came into remembrance of archaeological roundness that is found within different mother goddesses in the prehistoric era, such as the ‘Venus of Willendorf’ and ‘The Fat Lady’. The Roundness made me connect to the high pitch that such a music physically exposes.

2.

16

Polina Semionova : Ballet – H. Grönemeyer 

This music I found myself inspired to formulate it within clear and neat lines of abstraction. The boldness and elegance that is found within such a light and positive composition made revolve into such an expression. The boldness yet the clarity that i found myself listening to made me outburst in such a manner.  The string section has resolved in my head a distinctive line pattern  that resolved through a significant point of pressure.

3.

Clean Bandit Rather Be part 2

Clean Bandit Rather Be

Rather Be- Clean Bandit

Is the contemporary sound music that many relate to in popular cultural. Having heard this genre for endless times I found it surprisingly that I still had a sense of beat within such a fluidity. The eccentric and elegant effect that I was able to approach is a physicality that I would like to further investigate.

4.

Fire flight unbreakable Fire flight unbreakbale part 2

FireFlight – Unbreakable

This music and genre made me feel quite different towards my approach to light. The loud and deep bold rock feel to this sound has engage me within the coiling of a mass structure expression.

5.

14

Cinematic Orchestra -arrival of the birds 02

Cinematic Orchestra -arrival of the birds

The exploration of such a music meant that I would express myself through a volume and dimentionality that is different from the rest. The amplitude and dynamic sound that such orchestra in such particular work exposes, evoked me in such a manner. Light stands as an important key feature that enabled me to compose something that was unique and bears something of individual interest that can never repeat itself.

Outcome:

After having explored a number of different musical genres, I tried to resolve into one genre that truly justifies and brings within a sense of energy to further investigate my expression of light and music within my individuality.

Looking through the results the most significant parts where I found a clear bound connection was that to do with orchestral, string section pieces. The elemental qualities and sound that such instruments evoke make me relate to my own experience in the musical field. The energy that I translate through music sound from the violin resolves in me a sense of connection that I would like to show and justify its relevance to the viewer.

One of the most inspirational and deeply touchly individuals that marked the way I regard music and the anatomy of it, was in fact Stephano Grappelli. This violinist imprinted a deep impression on me that I started to perieve the true beauty that lies within the musicality that stands in his name.

6. Using same artificial light and dark tonalities, I interpreted Grappelli’s – Stardust

10 15

12

The distinctive features that such a music evokes in me brings out something that is of personal emotional impact. The results that I have maintained with such light quality is one that is still has to be worked and evaluated further more. The thick and bold elemental quality that such lines embrace are not fully engage with the same pitch that I would like it to result in.

Further investigation will allow me to explore and evaluate different light principles that will ultimately direct me to the development and investigation for my final shoots.

T&P 2A- Outcome 1- Final Proposal – Page 5

THE AIM:

To show the relation of my individuality with the fusion of music and light into one whole piece. The atomic structure that makes the human life finds a physicality that inspired me to look within a subject that would expose and reveal the connection that I relate to music and its relation with light.

I find that music pertains a frequency and energy that is as deep and potent as significant ad that of light and its energy. The atom stands as an analogy , for the formation of my piece. An atom is made up of 3 significant particles which are a neutron, electron and a proton. In face value i look at these principles similar to Light, darkness and kinetics of music. On their own each particle retain a certain value, but infused and translated through an individual core structure, one can see a development upon which I would like to explore and attain.

The same 3 principles could be related to the quantum physicality that is of sheer interest in physics.

These 3 Principles found in nature attain a certain foundation in our life. Now in this work I will be fusing their individuality and i will be exploring their relation and my unique perspective towards such elements. I will thus create a personal point of view of how I look at light, music, and the dark.

The viewer will thus see and acknowledge my understanding of such a view, the abstraction and physicality of the piece will withhold a multitude of responses. These responses and interpretations will be of great essence in keeping the work alive.

A number of musical studies will be undertaken in relation of the final work development. An analytical development will take place in order to distribute and develop a coherent understanding of such a work.

DARK TO LIGHT TO DARK TO LIGHT

“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication”- Leonardo Da Vinci.

The concept of light and darkness is one core principal that is highly significant in everyone’s life. The human nature through a physical and mental consciousness is always derived to direct and focus into light. As from nativity until one dies the imagery of hope sheds an important prosperity in everyone’s life. The everlasting sense of moving forward, to give something and regenerated is a crucial part of what one is. This elemental quality is something that I would like to attain from this work. Through a photographic point of view I would like that my work transcends into a reflection that justifies the way I view life and its purpose around us.

IMG_1122 IMG_0951

I want to share and expose the contrasting parallels of light and dark. The relation of the two  sources and the visual interpretation that I value them in.

WORK AND FOCUS

The initiation, growth, adulthood, death and regeneration, brings out a cycle that everyone has to unwillingly comply with.  The start of our existence is visually seen as dark and mysterious, birth sheds notions of light. After blooming into this light like anything found in nature we slowly fade back to the unknown. Regeneration takes place and the cycle keeps on looping from one end to another. The night sky the darkness and depth that the this scenario provides is one that inspired me to shares and expose the narrative of life and the cycle it brings out. The silent and contrasting values that this environment brings out is the direction that I would like my work to take.

RESEARCH ANALYSIS

 From the first initiations the human nature was always inclined to form an expression upon which one could acknowledge a justification of their inner thoughts and feelings. From archaeological evidence to that of the utmost futuristic goals, everyone is inclined to fully justify his presence in this planet.  Light and darkness thus like anything else in the world has been an influential feature that compelled and triggered individuals to express themselves within. As found from the depths of the Altamira caves (Figure 1) in France to the work of Bill Viola (Figure 2) the marking of an identity has been an important feature through the age of time.

Although light might be seen as something static and solidified, but the real dynamism brings out the powerful source into life. The poignant and tangible effect that energy transcends into movement allows a level of intellectuality that marks a real achievement to the artist to fulfil. The study and analytical approach of such vast path, has enabled me to concentrate within an area that allows a freedom of exploration.

Movement is an element that constantly surrounds our dimension to a reality that goes beyond the solidity of a mass. As from the nativity of each one of us, the experience of movement shows a significant role in the development of the physical and mental impact in our lives.  Thus the need to express the reality of movement and the energy that lies within has been a crucial influential feature that photographers and artists sought to achieve.

The initial studies that were developed within the concept of chronophotography- ‘ a set of photographs of a moving object, taken for the purpose of recording and exhibiting successive phases of motion(Dictionary.die.net, 1913); developed during the end of the nineteenth century and the twentieth century. The initial attempt of such an approach was in fact that of 1872- ‘Galloping Horse’, by Leland Stanford and Eadweard Muybridge. ‘A phenakistoscope disc, a couple waltzing’ (Muybridge, 1893), brings out other significant concept of illusion and need to capture movement. The study of movement has been a significant part of Etienne Jules Marey career. The anatomical motion and dimensionality of living objects have been directed to a process that enabled the study of human contact with different actions and reactions found within us and the dimension we live in. As process unveil in ‘Falling Cat(Marey,1890),’L’homme Machine(Marey,1885)’ and ‘The Wave(Marey,1891) one is able to understand the deep analytical significance that these studies forced on to the development of chronophotography, a key element that initiated cinema.

Photographers and Scientists not only looked within the human behaviour but as Andreas Ritter von Ettingshausen, Louis Daguerre, Hippolyte Fizeau, Leon Foucault (Marien, 2010, p.33-34) they sought to work within a deeper approach to science. Microscopic illustrations together with the study of light and the relation of the object has brought out work such as that of ‘Eclipse of the Sun, May 26, 1854’( Figure 3);William Langenheim ,Frederick Langenheim. Through a small camera and precise time exposure they were able to achieve work that ultimately brought out the significance of light that surrounds the world.

The traces of light is analysed further in the work done by Frank and Lilian Gilbreth of ‘Time and Motion Studies’ (Gilbreth, n.d.). In their work they were able to trace out the most efficient and mechanical way for industrial. Through the employment of a small light bulb attached to their work an intrinsic pattern of this repetition is clearly seen in his chronocyclegraph (Marien, 2010, p.215) results. The trace of light brings out the deep and significant outcome that energy has upon our actions and the aesthetical abstraction that is the core value of light.

The concept of light dynamism was one that inspired Picasso himself, through his collection of light drawings done in 1949(Figure 5). The photographic exposure allowed Picasso to experiment and create a whole new concept in art. The deep expression that he sought to achieve underlines the significance that motion effects on individuals. Another individual that expresses profoundly the effects of motion was in fact Giacomo Balla in his work ‘The speed of a motorcycle,1913’, ‘Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, 1912’, ‘Swifts, Paths of Movement and Dynamic Sequences, 1913 ‘, the futuristic approach of his subject, brings into life a reality that looks beyond everyone’s reach.

All this justifies an important understanding to my intellectual concept of what really is light and the movement that is attained through it. The energy that compels particles to create something new yet fused from the same origins intrigued me to undergo a process upon which I wanted to justify my understanding of life and its essence. Looking through various theories and ideological concepts I find that the cycle of life has been one core value that ultimately made all photographers and individuals inspired to grasp the meaning of its experience.

TIME LOCATION PRINT

Artificial light will be employed in order to distribute such a work. Different experiments and development principles will be tested out in order to bring out a work that purely justifies a work that connect to the full the 3 principles.  The compositions will all be explored during the night sky. After analyzing and coming up with a strong development concept I will be evaluating and coming up with a series of work that will eventually conjoin the final series of work that I will be presenting.

BELOW you can find my initial idea generations that eventually gave way to my final proposal.

UPATED- 21-11-2104

UPDATED Version October 15th 2014

INSPIRATIONS

‘Entoptic Phenomenon’ explains the scientific process upon which light reflects and bounces within the iris formulating an image. The Entoptic Phenomenon is a broad and complex ideology that finds its roots to different light modes such as shadows, reflection, refraction concepts. It is a physical property that is most of the time subjective to the individual experience. This phenomenon is experienced through a vibrant illuminating source that works as one close or rubs his eyes. After attempting my way of presenting these photos, I was trying to justify something that was interesting. The only issues that this approach had was the inconsistency that I could experience such moments. Recording and analysing what I was looking at is a complex source to attain. Through divergent thinking I was able to transcend a significant point that ultimately constructed the whole idea notion into one whole.

IMG_1071 IMG_1070 IMG_1069 IMG_1068

PRELIMINARY EXPERIMENTS

01 02 03 04 06 03

Developed work and current working process:


IMG_2297

IMG_3268

Galleries:

1.

Impressions Gallery in Bradford City Centre- evaluates work and interesting mass of work that fit quit well with what I would like to share.

http://www.impressions-gallery.com/exhibitions/exhibition.php?id=65

2.

Another interesting Gallery that shares values that I my work would work for is the gallery in Toronto G44. This photography ambience stresses on the concept of the work, where it is directed towards an intellectual environment rather for a market wise environment.

https://gallery44.org/about-gallery-44

3.

Another interesting space that such a work will find way would be the Blitz gallery, Valletta Malta.

It is a place where I could bring out my challenging concept to life.

http://thisisblitz.com/the-space/

Contact List:

Dr.Vince Briffa

http://www.vincebriffa.net/HomeA.html

Alexandra Pace

http://www.alexandrapace.com/

Bibliography:

Dictionary.die.net. (1913). Chronophotography. [online] Retrieved from: http://dictionary.die.net/chronophotography [Accessed: 29 Sep 2014].

Étienne Jules Marey. (1885). Étienne Jules Marey – l’ homme machine.

Etienne-Jules Marey. (1890). Falling cat (1890) – world’s 1st cat video – Etienne-Jules Marey.

Etienne-Jules Marey. (1891). The wave (1891) – Etienne-Jules Marey – la vague.

Gilbreth, M. (n.d.). Theories of Work: Frank B Gilbreth chronocyclegraphs.

Available at: https://vimeo.com/75215977 [Accessed 29 Oct. 2014].

Marien, M. (2010). Photography : A cultural History. 3rd ed. Upper River Saddle, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Muybridge, E. (1893). Phenakistoscope Couple Waltzing. [online] Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Phenakistoscope_3g07690b.gif [Accessed: 28 Sep 2014].

Images:

Figure 1:

http://apetcher.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/altamira1.jpg?w=450&h=330

Figure 2:

http://worldscinema.org/2013/10/bill-viola-the-passing-1991/

 

Figure 3:

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/2005.100.614a-g

Figure 4:

http://cinepoeme.blogspot.co.uk/2011/04/frank-lillian-gilbreth.html

 

Figure 5:

http://graffart.eu/blog/2009/06/picasso-light-graffiti/

INITIAL DRAFTS

Kinetic

‘There is movement and movement. There are movements of small tension and movements of great tension and there is also a movement which our eyes cannot catch although it can be felt. In art this state is called dynamic movement.’- (Kasimir, 2012)

From the prehistoric caves of Altamira to the works of Bill Viola, individuals have always showed a significant importance in captivating the energy that lies within each living organ. The poignant and tangible effect that energy transcends into movement allows a level of intellectuality that marks a real achievement to the artist to fulfil. The study and analytical approach of such vast path, has enabled me to concentrate within an area that allows a freedom of exploration. Movement is an element that constantly surrounds our dimension to a reality that goes beyond the solidity of a mass.

As from the nativity of each one of us, the experience of movement shows a significant role in the development of the physical and mental impact in our lives. Such a reflection allows the significant achievement that is traced through the history of art. The need to captivate and allow the viewer to experience a world filled with reality has been an element that through various variants transcended from different time and locations.

The initial initiations that started to develop the concept of chronophotography- ‘ a set of photographs of a moving object, taken for the purpose of recording and exhibiting successive phases of motion(Dictionary.die.net, 1913), has developed during the end of the nineteenth century and the twentieth century. The initial attempt of such an approach was in fact that of 1872- ‘Galloping Horse’(Figure 1), by Leland Stanford and Eadweard Muybridge. ‘A phenakistoscope disc, a couple waltzing’ (Muybridge, 1893), brings out other significant concept of illusion and need to capture movement.

The study of movement has been a significant part of Etienne Jules Marey(Figure 2) career. The anatomical motion and dimensionality of living objects have been directed to a process that enabled the study of human contact with different actions and reactions found within us and the dimension we live in. As process unveil in ‘Falling Cat(Marey,1890),’L’homme Machine(Marey,1885)’ and ‘The Wave(Marey,1891) one is able to understand the deep analytical significance that these studies forced on to the development of chronophotography, a key element that initiated cinema.

Despite the fact that the initial studies to capture movement were fully employed through a scientifically analysis, one is able to significantly comprehend the connection that such transforming realities stressed on the artists live within such an innovation. The artist being sensitive and observant to what life offers started to initiate such approaches in his form of art too. As significantly captured by the pioneering artist of the twentieth century, Marcel Duchamp- ‘The Nude descending the staircase’(Figure 3), movement has a significant role in achieving the ideological aspect of true realism together with the perfection that lies within each millisecond of such energy.  The layering of action after the other shows a significant innovation that reflects drastically to the photographic motion that past pioneers started to study. As clearly justified by Marcel Duchamp;

‘My aim was a static representation of movement, a static composition of indications of various positions taken by a form in movement- with no attempt to give cinema effects through painting. The reduction of a head in movement to a bare line seems to me defensible.’ (Dür, 2003)

Although Duchamp through the work ‘The Nude Descending the Staircase’ employs a significant marking points that unveil the cubist way of dealing with the anatomical ideology he was still able to retain a certain amount of innovation that shocked with great significance the viewer. ’Rotary Demi sphere’ (Figure4) (1925) – through his other motion optical effect work, Duchamp has been able to capture a dynamic outburst from the abstraction of geometric shapes. Through this achievement one is able to acknowledge how developed and deeply evaluated the concept of movement and illusion of realism marked during the twentieth century.

The concept of movement was one that inspired Picasso himself, through his collection of light drawings done in 1949(Figure 5). The photographic exposure allowed Picasso to experiment and create a whole new concept in art. The deep expression that he sought to achieve underlines the significance that motion effects on individuals.

Another individual that expresses profoundly the effects of motion was in fact Giacomo Balla in his work ‘The speed of a motorcycle,1913’, ‘Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, 1912’, ‘Swifts, Paths of Movement and Dynamic Sequences, 1913 ‘(Figure 6), the futuristic approach of his subject, brings into life a reality that looks beyond everyone’s reach. Another significant work that masters to great the element of movement were the studies of Semmi Ray K. Metzker in his work ‘composities’ of 1964. Through this work he was able to capture the movements done by workers through the element of light and its tracing.

TIME LOCATION PRINT

Using only artificial lightning that illuminate the darkness of the night sky I will be employing different light that surround my area. The light source in its smallness will create an interesting composition. All this work will take place in the silence of the night where sound and distraction is limited. This fixed and composed scenario will allow me to further explore the work that I would like to produce. I shall experience the emptiness of the dark and fill it with light that transcends within my work.

Through these photos I will be analyzing different angle and movement positions. After creating a series of work , everything will be deeply evaluated and given proper tonal qualities. The photos will undergo different stages of analysis in order to get to the final concept. I shall be analyzing the photos by establishing and printing all prints. After doing so I will start juxtaposition all into one whole piece. Different methods will be tested and after all this I will be able to establish the final composition.

The final composition will retain the entire work into one whole. in doing so i will be pushing forward the idea of creating and retaining an energy. The same particle information will be composed into a form that will transcend and mold from one viewer to the next.

Production Methods, Presentation and Audience

After evaluating in such depth such an interesting field I was inclined to evaluate my photographic analysis in such a manner. Photography stands as important medium for individuals to rely on. It is part of an identity that is difficult not to refer to. The visual narrative of everything one perceives allows the viewer to understand how powerful the ability to see is. The need to visualize and comprehend the surroundings makes it difficult when one surrounds himself in pitch darkness. The ‘Entoptic Phenomenon (Fulton, Hansen, Hoyt, Mayer & Moskowitz, 2013)’ suggests that the brain and eye can visualize images even when light is not present. Such an experience is most of the time subjective and sheds an interesting notion to analyse further more.

Although the actual image that we visualize is hard to attain I will try to capture a single movement that will be regenerated through a single light and a one light source. After producing an extensive amount of results I will generate these images into one whole composition, upon which I will be able to collectively compose the element of continuity and regeneration of light. I would that this work will have a visual experience and conveys something of interest to those who are curious to delve deeper to something they experience and take for granted.

Bibliography:

Bittleston.com. (2014). Art of giacomo balla: an overview of his paintings. [online] Retrieved from: http://bittleston.com/artists/giacomo_balla/ [Accessed: 29 sep 2014].

Dictionary.die.net. (1913). Chronophotography. [online] Retrieved from: http://dictionary.die.net/chronophotography [Accessed: 29 Sep 2014].

Dür, J. (2003). Articles, tout-fait: the marcel duchamp studies online journal. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.toutfait.com/issues/volume2/issue_5/articles/dur/dur5.html#N_13_top [Accessed: 29 Sep 2014].

Étienne Jules Marey. (1885). Étienne Jules Marey – l’ homme machine.

Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kMh7GI9pEIY [Accessed: 29 Sep 2014].

Etienne-Jules Marey. (1890). Falling cat (1890) – world’s 1st cat video – Etienne-Jules Marey.

Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XqL9siGDeBA [Accessed: 29 Sep  2014].

Etienne-Jules Marey. (1891). The wave (1891) – Etienne-Jules Marey – la vague.

Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Nw2VObG8dw [Accessed: 28 Sep 2014].

Fulton, A., Hansen, R., Hoyt, C., Mayer, D., & Moskowitz, A. (2013). Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus: Expert Consult – Online and Print (1st ed., p. 1011). Elsevier.

Kasimir, M. (2012). Movement art quotes – the painter’s keys resource of art quotations. [online] Retrieved from: http://artquotes.robertgenn.com/getquotes.php?catid=198 [Accessed: 28 Sep 2014].

MoMA.org. (2014). Marcel duchamp. rotary demisphere (precision optics) (paris, 1925). [online] Retrieved from: http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=81432 [Accessed: 28 Sep 2014].

Muybridge, E. (1893). Phenakistoscope Couple Waltzing. [online] Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Phenakistoscope_3g07690b.gif [Accessed: 28 Sep 2014].

 

Images:

Figure1:

Figure2:

https://www.google.com/search?q=Etienne+Jules+Marey&rlz=1C1CHFX_enUS546US546&espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=wDQPU5K4BsnD4gTf94H4Ag&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=1600&bih=791#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=jo8SjMsMeSUvKM%253A%3B-daES74ppllk7M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fupload.wikimedia.org%252Fwikipedia%252Fcommons%252Fc%252Fce%252FMarey%252C_der_einen_flexiblen_Stab_sch%2525C3%2525BCttelt_1886.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcommons.wikimedia.org%252Fwiki%252FFile%253AMarey%252C_der_einen_flexiblen_Stab_sch%2525C3%2525BCttelt_1886.jpg%3B2048%3B902

Figure 3:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nude_Descending_a_Staircase,_No._2

Figure 4:

http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=81432

Figure 5:

http://life.time.com/culture/pablo-picasso-draws-with-light-1949/#4

Figure 6:

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